Periodontology is the department that deals with gingival diseases and surgeries.
• Gum recession
Gum recession is the pulling of the gum over the root of the tooth, exposing the root surface. The likelihood of gum recession increases with age. Recessions can be seen at a young age due to environmental and genetic factors. Using a very hard-bristled toothbrush , vigorously brushing the gums in the opposite direction, severe crowding of the teeth, dense dental calculus accumulations due to lack of hygiene, severe uncontrollable systematic diseases, smoking, incorrectly made coatings and fillings are the main factors. are the reasons.
• Pink Aesthetics (Gingivoplasty)
Gum aesthetics is a dental treatment application, also known as pink dental aesthetics, which covers the processes in which the gums are shaped symmetrically by considering the smile line and the dimensions of the teeth on a patient basis. In pink aesthetics, tooth length can be extended by laser gingivectomy (gum cutting) or gingivoplasty (gum shaping) under local anesthesia, thus reducing the gummy smile (gingival visibility) or asymmetries can be eliminated by leveling the gums. If the gums are very red and swollen, it is applied by anesthetizing with subgingival curettage applications. Smile aesthetics can be applied to any patient whose gingival and tooth structure is suitable for this treatment, without age restrictions.
• Gum Bleeding
Gingival bleeding refers to the extravasation of blood elements due to the deterioration of the structure of the vessels feeding the gum tissue, due to the presence of gingival disease, which develops with the presence of attachments such as plaque and tartar on the tooth surface. In other words, the first sign of inflammatory gum disease is bleeding. This bleeding can be with stimuli (touching, brushing, etc.) or spontaneously. In addition, too hard brushing, overflowing or incomplete fillings, bruises, incompatible prostheses may cause bleeding. Pregnancy, menstruation, menopause, blood diseases, diabetes, vitamin C and K deficiencies, genetic predisposition, and use of blood thinners may result in gingival bleeding. It is treated with the diagnosis of the factor that causes bleeding and applications for it. In this context, calculus cleaning, if necessary, subgingival curettage (deep cleaning) and plaque cleaning are performed in addition to these. Patient care is very important in the recovery process. For this reason, correct brushing and the use of dental floss or intermediate brushes should be included in the treatment process. If there are bruises, they should be treated, and if there is an incompatible filling or prosthesis, they should be corrected or renewed. may cause bleeding systemic problems should be identified and consulted with the patient's physician.
• Frenectomy (removal of tongue, lip and cheek connective tissues)
• Gum Graft
These are the main subjects treated by the periodontology branch.